Friday, June 19, marks Juneteenth, the oldest nationally celebrated commemoration of the ending of slavery in the United States. On June 19, 1865, Union soldiers landed at Galveston, Texas, with news that the war had ended and that the enslaved were now free. Note that this was two-and-a-half years after President Abraham Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation – which had become official Jan. 1, 1863. Today, Juneteenth celebrates African American music, art, food, beauty and culture.